“Spook” opened in September 1973 within the midst of televised Watergate hearings, a number of years after the F.B.I.’s secret Counterintelligence Program (Cointelpro) disabled the Black Panthers. Paranoia was excessive. The 12 months’s different impartial options included the white vigilante story “Walking Tall” and the John F. Kennedy conspiracy docudrama “Executive Action.” An anticipatory article in The Chicago Defender, the nation’s pre-eminent African-American weekly, puzzled if “Greenlee’s masterpiece” may “touch off race warfare.”
Unsurprisingly, critiques had been blended. New York Journal characterised “Spook” as “completely irresponsible.” The New York Instances critic Vincent Canby gave a extra cautious appraisal: The film is “seldom convincing as melodrama,” however “the rage it projects is real.” Certainly, halfway by way of, the police set off a violent chain response — capturing an unarmed child as he flees by way of a again alley — that’s nonetheless unfolding when “Spook” ends.
Some weeks later, The Instances ran a Sunday think piece with the headline “This ‘Spook’ Has No Respect for Human Life.” It concluded that “not just a film about Black people,” “Spook” was “a valuable lesson” in dramatizing “man’s response to oppression.” By then, the film had just about disappeared. Greenlee stated that after three weeks in launch, throughout which F.B.I. brokers hounded exhibitors to drag the movie, UA withdrew it from circulation, citing poor field workplace grosses. (In keeping with the Internet Movie Database, “Spook” introduced in $270,000 throughout its abortive run.)
White America was spooked. The film was blamed for serving as a Black Panthers textbook and for inspiring the Symbionese Liberation Military, the largely white revolutionary cell that will go on to kidnap Patty Hearst. Lawrence Prepare dinner’s big-screen profession went nowhere and, regardless of changing into a prolific TV director, Dixon would by no means direct one other theatrical film. Nonetheless, “Spook” had a fugitive existence, circulating for years on bootleg VHS tapes in video shops.
In 2003, the actor Tim Reid discovered the one extent 35-millimeter print saved beneath a unique title. In 2004, the film was reissued on DVD. Seven years later, it was the topic of a documentary function and a 12 months later, it was named to the Library of Congress’s Nationwide Movie Registry. In 2018, the novel was optioned by Lee Daniels for a TV mini-series, and the film occasioned an anthology of educational papers.
Like all cult movies, “Spook” blazed a novel path to the canon. Traditionally, it may be bracketed with two earlier, extremely profitable impartial productions — “Putney Swope,” a 1969 absurdist comedy by the white director Robert Downey wherein an African-American takes expenses of a Madison Avenue promoting company, and “Sweet Sweetback’s Baadasssss Song,” Melvin Van Peebles’s groundbreaking celebration of a Black outlaw, launched in 1971. However not like “Swope,” “Spook” is one thing aside from hip satire and, versus “Sweetback,” it didn’t lend itself to recuperative commercialization.